|Generally, there is||a significant difference||between a and b.|
|a wide disparity||in + n.|
|In contrast (to A),
In comparison (with A)
|B is larger/smaller||by x.
by a narrow margin. by a margin of x.
by a staggering x.
|x larger/smaller than B.|
|A is [under/over]||twice
|as large/great/high as B.|
|A is||considerably/substantially marginally/slightly||greater/higher/smaller than B.|
|A produces/consumes/…||more/less + uncountable n.
more/fewer + countable n.
|the same amount/number/quantity of + n.||as B.|
|A ranks/stands first/second/third/last.|
|A is the [second/third] largest/smallest/most significant/most productive/ … + n.|
|A has the [second/third] greatest/widest/ most significant/most productive/ … + n.|
|the largest/highest/smallest/lowest||proportion of + n.
quantity of + n.
amount of + uncountable n.
number of + countable n.
4.Comparison and Contrast Linkers
Over 90% of exports were fruits; however, industrial exports contributed none.
Almost all female students were interested in art activities. In contrast, the figure for male students was a mere 15%.
Most of the farmland in Europe was damaged by overgrazing. On the other hand, the most significant cause of damage in Asia was wind erosion.
Over 90% of exports were fruits, whereas / while industrial exports contributed none.
Whereas / While over 90% of exports were fruits, industrial exports contributed none.
Although almost all girls were interested in art activities, only 15% of boys took part in them.
|12.1%||just over 12 percent
a little more than 12%
a little less than 12%
just below 12%
|146kg||almost/nearly 150 kg
approximately/around/about 150 kg
less than 150 kg