IELTS Essay Topic #1 Work

The Benefits of Staying in the Same Job for Life

  • Employees have a stable career with one employer
  • They have a good pension and health insurance
  • Their salaries gradually increase
  • They may be promoted within the organization
  • They demonstrate loyalty
  • Experienced staff can be trusted with more responsibility
  • They become part of a team
  • There is a clearly-defined path for development

The Benefits of not Staying in the Same Job

  • People often change jobs in order to further their career
  • Another company may offer a promotion or a higher salary
  • People who change jobs can gain more experience
  • They can learn different skills
  • Changing jobs is interesting and challenging
  • People can retrain in a different occupation
  • In a fast-changing world, workers need to be flexible
  • People need to develop a wider range of experience and skills


  • Nowadays, it is easy to set up a company
  • The internet provides a global marketplace
  • Self-employment offers greater freedom than working for a company
  • However, there are risks to starting a new business
  • Self-employed people may face financial difficulties
  • Many businesses fail to make a profit
  • There is less stability in self-employment
  • There are no benefits like pensions, sick pay and holiday pay
  • Self-employment involves hard work, long hours and total responsibility


  • Unemployment is a big problem for individuals, communities and the society
  • Some people are unable to find a job
  • They may not have the sufficient level of education or qualifications
  • They may find themselves homeless
  • Unemployment causes frustration and stress
  • Jobless people may become involved in crime as a means to get money
  • The unemployed need career advice
  • Governments need to provide vocational courses and retraining
Unemployment Benefits: Positives
  • Some governments pay unemployment benefits in order to help jobless people
  • Unemployed people need financial support until they find a new job
  • By claiming benefits, they can continue to pay for their major life expenses
  • The benefits system helps to reduce poverty, homelessness and crime
Unemployment Benefits: Negatives
  • Some people claim benefits rather than working
  • They become dependent on the government
  • They are not motivated to find a job
  • The benefits system is a burden on tax payers
  • All citizens should work to make a living and support themselves
  • Receiving benefits affects people‚Äôs self-esteem


Work/Life Balance

  • It is important to achieve a balance between work time and leisure or family time
  • Too much work can result in stress and poor health
  • Workaholics may neglect their families and friends
  • People need to take regular holidays
  • Companies should expect employees to work overtime
  • Nowadays, many people work part-time or have flexible working hours
  • Technology allows people to work from home, telecommuting is possible
  • Many companies provide childcare facilities
  • Striking a balance between a good life and a good work can raise job satisfaction
  • Happy, healthy workers are more productive


Technology and Work

  • The internet, fax and mobile phone technologies have revolutionized working life
  • Workers can communicate via email, online networks and video conferencing
  • Technology can connect workers in different countries from around the world
  • It gives people more freedom
  • It can also save time, energy and money
  • Some people believe that offices could disappear in the future
  • Virtual online offices may replace them


Child Labor

  • In some countries, children are exploited
  • They do boring and repetitive jobs for very low pay
  • Children are often used in agriculture and factory work
  • The employment of children is prohibited in other countries
  • Many people think that children should be free to enjoy their childhood
  • Governments should make education a priority
  • They should build new schools
  • They should supply the necessary resources to educate children
  • Children need to be given the knowledge and skills for adult life