IELTS Essay Topic #4 Tourism

Positives of Tourism

  • Tourism is a popular leisure activity
  • People go on holiday to relax and have fun
  • Tourists can experience different cultures
  • They can sunbathe on beaches or go sight-seeing
  • Travelling abroad opens our minds and broadens our horizon
  • We can learn to speak other languages
  • The tourist trade is vital for some economies
  • It creates employment in services like accommodation, transport and entertainment
  • Some areas rely on tourism for their income
  • Tourists spend money
  • Tourism attracts investment from multi-national companies
  • It helps to improve the standard of living
  • Low-cost airlines are making it cheaper to travel abroad

Negative Effects of Tourism

  • Tourism can have a negative effect on the natural environment
  • The building of facilities and infrastructure can destroy the habitat of wild animals
  • Beautiful beaches are spoilt by the building of hotels
  • Tourism creates pollution and waste
  • It puts pressure on local resources
  • Local traditional and cultures may be endangered
  • A rise in the cost of living affects local people
  • The price of goods, services and housing may increase significantly

The Future of Tourism

  • Government should introduce laws to protect natural environments and local cultures
  • Tourism should have a low impact on wildlife
  • Renewable resources like solar or water power should be used
  • Waste should be recycled
  • Local businesses such as farms should be supported

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