IELTS Writing 12 Topics Sample #9/12 : Social 05

Some people believe that the best way to build a happier society is to ensure that there are only small differences between the richest and the poorest members.
To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Opinion 2

Some people believe that the best way to build a happy society is to make sure that there are as few differences as possible between the richest and poorest members I would say that an economic class system offers incentives for people to seek advancement in their educations and their professions.

On one hand if the differences between the richest and poorest members of a society were bridged there would be a lot less emphasis on income and maybe poverty could be eradicated. Local, regional and federal governments would no longer have to spend as much to support those citizens at the poverty level.

On the other hand, if the gap between lower and upper income levels was completely bridged then there would no longer be incentive or motivation for members of society to achieve higher levels of achievement in careers and professions. If a medical doctor was to earn an income similar to that of a domestic helper, there would no longer be much of an incentive for people to spend multiple years in training to become a doctor. Perhaps some people would still want to become doctors so they could help people, but others would no longer pursue that as a career because the financial benefits of such a career would no longer exist and the educational costs of becoming a doctor are substantial.

Although it would be beneficial for many societies to reduce the gap between the rich and the poor,the economic class system still provides a means of motivation for people to seek advancement in their education and in their professions.

Opinion 2

In order to consider how to create a happier society, some people hold the view that we should narrow the gap between the richest and the poorest citizens However, I cannot agree with the idea.

Narrowing the gap between the rich and the poor does help create a better society. It can reduce crime rate because some people commit crimes due to jealousy or lack of food and clothing. By narrowing the gap of wealth and guaranteeing basic living requirements, we can hopefully make the society a better place to live.

However, money is not the only criterion to judge whether a person is happy or not. If the wealth gap is too small, other social problems will occur. For example, if everyone earns the same amount of money however they contribute to their work, people’ enthusiasm for work will decrease. In the long run, the sense of competition would be less valuable to young generations. Being equal in financial condition will not make them happier once their human rights cannot be preserved. For example, if people barely have the right to speak out their opinions, the dictatorship will create a depressing atmosphere Consequently, they lose trust in the government. The relationship between the government and its people will be tense or even problematic, resulting constant social disorder.

To sum up, building a happy society is never an easy task, personal wealth is just one factor. Only with joint efforts from both citizens and the government, will people have a truly happier society.